Partitioning a hard disk.

In this post you will learn how to partition a hard disk using ‘gparted’ and Partition Magic and with different configurations. We are going to give 4 different examples of different operating systems. You need gparted to do it so you have to create a hiren’s boot cd that we have explained in another post. When you have it, boot your computer.

You can choose the size of each partition we have done like that because we want to but you can change them depending on what you want to do. We have only put a specific space for particular partitions that we were requested to do it.

1) ONE PARTITION WITH FILE SYSTEM NTFS.

The first step is to click on ‘New’ to create the partition. In ‘create as’ choose primary partition and in ‘file system’ choose ntfs. If you want to change the size click on it and write the number you want.

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Click on ‘add’ and you have created it. Finally, don’t forget to click on ‘apply’ to save the changes.

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The NTFS partition is recommended for higher 400 MB because the system structures consume a lot of space. The techniques used to avoid fragmentation and less waste of disk, make this file system the ideal system for large partitions required in mainframes and servers

2) PRIMARY PARTITION NTFS AND EXTENDED PARTITION FAT32.

Following the same steps explained in the first example you create the same partition but with the half size. Once you have create this primary partition you have yo add a extended partition and inside this partition a logical partition with file system fat32. We choose this file system because in this way we can save music, photos, videos and other multimedia.

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3) PRIMARY PARTITION WITH THE FILE SYSTEM OF LINUX AND PRIMARY PARTITION OF LINUX SWAP WITH THE DOUBLE SIZE OF THE RAM. 

In this task, you have to create a first partition with linux file system that is ‘ext4’. The second partition has to be of linux swap but with the double size of the RAM. Each computer can have a different size so check it before doing it. Finally, the grey room that you can see in the photo means that there is no partition, it doesn’t exist.

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Linux-swap is used to support the ram. If at any point in time the system runs out of RAM, the swap memory is used. This in principle is good because the RAM is increased but on the other hand, access to real RAM is much faster than swap memory access.

4) PRIMARY PARTITION WITH THE FILE SYSTEM OF LINUX, PRIMARY PARTITION NTFS AND EXTENDED PARTITION WITH TWO LOGICAL PARTITIONS: LINUX SWAP WITH THE DOUBLE SIZE OF THE RAM AND FAT32.

The first step is creating a primary partition with linux file system (ext4). We reduce the size to the half because we are going to need espace for other new partitions. When you have it you create a new NTFS primary partition that we have already explain and finally a extended partition. Inside this extended partition yo have to create two other ones. One of them has to be linux swap with the double size of the ram, that is 1024 MB, and the other one FAT32.

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FINAL CONCLUSION

Partitioning a hard disk is a very good idea just because in this way we can have the operating system and important programs in one partition and files, music or not very important things in another. With Partition Magic you can modified the size of each partition. Also if you partitioned the disk you can have more than one operating system and you can have all more protected. Another advantage is that if one part is damaged you don’t lose all the data and also is easier to recover the damaged partition.

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